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Agent Orange

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Agent Orange Pages  (1)  (2)  (3)  (4)  (5)  (6)  (7)  (8)  (9)  (10)  (11)  (12)  (13)  (14)

Page 1    Operation Ranch Hand Herbicides Southeast Asia--Amounts Used1961-1971"
Page 2    Diseases Linked To Agent Orange Exposure
Page 3    Agent Orange Korea 68-69
Page 4    Agent Orange Use Outside Of Vietnam
Page 5    The Forgotten Story of Agent Orange
Page 6    Monsanto Corporation Criminal Investigation Cover-up of Dioxin Contamination
Page 7    Leukemia, Agent Orange Link Found
Page 8    AO claim at Ft McClellan approved for Diabetes, and proliferative diabetic retinopathy
Page 9    Agent Orange, The Daughter Of A Veteran
Page 10  The Herbicidal Warfare Program In Vietnam, 1961 - 1971
Page 11  Agent Orange Videos
Page 12  Chemical Warfare Photos
Page 13  Monsanto's Agent Orange
Page 14  Veterans exposed To Chemicals  (Bases & Posts Contaminated)

 
BOB BROWN

IS A CONTAMINATED VETERAN AND
CONCERENED ABOUT HIS  FELLOW  VETERAN'S

AGENT ORANGE

    spinning skull    stars and stripes flag pow-mia flag     spinning skull   

INFORMATION PAGE 

Former Marine Danny Gene Jordan remembers sitting on Hill 549 near Khe Sanh in the spring of 1968, waiting for night and cooking his C-rations. Jordan had been in country just a few weeks   and was still learning his way around, so he wasn't sure why the five C-123s approaching his unit would be flying so low and in formation.

 "They're defoliating," one of his buddies told him.   Then came the mist, like clouds floating out of the back of the C-123s, soaking the men, their clothes and their food. For the next two weeks, the men of Jordan's unit suffered nausea and diarrhea. Jordan returned from Vietnam with an unusual amount of dioxin in his system. More than 15 years later, he still had 50 parts per trillion, considered abnormally high. He also had two sons born with deformed arms and hands.

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There are three companies that produced Agent Orange (main ingredient is Trioodobenzoic acid). They are Dow Chemicals, Monsanto and Diamond Shamrock. The earliest form of Triiodobenzoic acid, was studied by Arthur Galston, but for use as a plant growth hormone.


Dioxin is a compound found in certain herbicides, including agent Orange, used in Vietnam. The law presumes that all military personnel who served in Vietnam and later suffer
certain diseases were exposed to herbicides.


Vietnam veterans who believe they have health problems that may be related to their Vietnam service or exposure to herbicides while serving in Vietnam should contact the
nearest VA medical center or regional office. VA's nationwide toll-free number
is 1-800-827-1000.

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This map is a representation of herbicide spray missions in Vietnam. The dark areas represent concentrated spraying areas. This map only represents fixed-wing aircraft spraying, and does not include helicopter spraying of perimeters, or other spray methods.
The III Corps area received the heaviest concentrations of spraying, followed by I Corps, II Corps and IV Corps.

 

During the Viet Nam war, over 72 million liters of herbicide was applied over southern Viet Nam to deprive northern Vietnamese forces of protective forest cover and food.  Agent Orange accounted for approximately 60% of all herbicide used during the conflict.  Dioxin (specifically 2,3,7,8 Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin) was a contaminant in the Agent Orange mixture.

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 OPERATION RANCH HAND HERBICIDES
SOUTHEAST ASIA--AMOUNTS USED
1961-1971

I Corps - 2,355,322

 

Location Orange White Blue           Total Gallons
A Shau 53,550 2,550 6,128 62,228
An Hoa 6,500 1,800 11,250 19,550
Binh Hoa 8,220 0 1,600 9,820
Cam Lo 80,375 8,660 12,785 101,820
Camp Carrol 78,200 5,400 5,050 88,650
Camp Eagle 14,250 0 0 14,250
Camp Esso 53,410 5,600 0 64,510
Camp Evans 18,690 0 880 19,570
Camp Henderson 68,155 7,040 4,800 79,995
Chu Lai 12,170 4,150 1,598 17,918
Con Thien 84,700 12,460 10,925 108,085
Da Nang, China Beach 13,800 0 2,000 15,800
Dong Ha 54,385 5,060 9,935 69,380
Duc Pho, LZ Bronco 46,225 14,400 1,175 61,800
Firebase Jack 140,875 11,900 3,280 156,055
Firebase Rakkassan 150,145 23,900 2,510 176,555
Firebase West 15,405 3,690 18,480 37,575
Hill 63 20,500 3,200 0 23,700
Hill 69 11,620 4,150 1,598 17,368
Hoi An 17,520 3,000 13,950 34,470
Hue 41,395 0 5,070 46,465
Khe Sanh, Firebase Smith 43,705 3,040 4,300 51,045
LangCo Bridge 50,610 5,600 3,500 59,710
LZ Baldy 15,430 3,000 13,950 32,380
LZ Dogpatch, Hill 327 4,490 0 8,250 12,740
LZ Geronimo 22,535 14,000 468 37,003
LZ Jane, Firebase Barbara 91,150 6,750 3,700 101,600
LZ Langley, Firebase Shepard 72,105 7,040 4,800 83,945
LZ Profess, Hill 55 39,300 13,000 17,209 69,509
LZ Rockcrusher, Hill 85 47,800 0 0 47,800
LZ Rockpile 110,050 15,440 7,650 133,140
LZ Ross 15,405 6,720 18,508 40,633
LZ Sandra 118,780 20,210 24,755 163,745
LZ Snapper, Firebase Leather 11,350 0 3,000 14,350
Marble, Hill 59 15,405 6,720 18,508 40,633
Phu Bai 54,300 3,000 120 57,420
Phu Luc, LZ Tommahawk 78,250 4,000 0 82,250
Quang Nai 25,605 0 1,800 27,405
Quang Tri, LZ Nancy 68,000 2,750 3,700 74,450
2,355,322

II Corps - 1,054,406

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Bon Song, LZ Two Bits 80,643 630 6,000 87,273
Bre Nhi 6,600 0 0 6,600
Cam Ranh Bay 21,227 1,373 0 22,600
Camp Granite 59,310 2,075 5,390 66,775
Che Oreo 0 1,800 0 1,800
Da Lat 575 0 0 575
Dak To 49,460 600 34,800 84,860
Firebase Pony 43,490 0 3,800 47,290
Kontum 0 415 0 415
LZ Dog, LZ English 63,073 630 6,000 69,703
LZ Oasis No Data
LZ Putter, Firebase Bird 50,095 0 7,200 57,295
LZ Uplift 43,455 3,220 275 46,950
Nha Trang 6,950 325 0 7,275
Phan Rang 110 2,075 0 2,185
Phan Thiet 5,000 330 220 5,550
Plei Ho, SF Camp 15,300 1,260 110 16,670
Plei Jerang 98,220 51,235 1,800 151,255
Pleiku 1,210 11,640 1,950 14,800
Puh Cat, LZ Hammond 29,700 7,210 0 36,910
Qui Nhon 53,215 1,800 4,125 59,140
Song Cau 5,650 55 0 5,705
Tuy An 13,215 3,740 0 16,955
Tuy Hoa 29,565 4,485 0 34,050
1,054,406

III Corps - 4,086,229

Location Orange White Blue Total Gallons
An Loc 77,000 79,830 0 156,830
Ben Cat 87,250 83,640 20,105 190,995
Ben Hoa 35,045 124,525 3,950 163,520
Cholon 320 0 0 320
Cu Chi 59,150 67,540 14,105 140,795
Dau Tieng (Michelin) 32,370 45,800 3,800 81,770
Dien Duc, Firebase Elaine 66,850 25,800 0 92,350
Duc Hoa 750 0 0 750
Firebase Di An 6,000 0 1,595 7,595
Firebase Frenzel 13,445 57,560 900 71,905
Firebase Jewel, LZ Snuffy 219,550 146,010 7,300 372,860
Firebase Mace 34,280 23,350 730 58,360
Katum 299,420 239,395 20,000 558,815
Lai Khe 57,120 22,300 1,800 81,220
Loc Ninh 46,660 103,710 1,800 152,170
Long Binh, Firebase Concord 13,445 57,560 0 71,005
LZ Bearcat 17,840 75,470 0 93,310
LZ Fish Nook 44,000 23,800 0 67,800
LZ Schofield 38,640 17,210 7,800 63,650
Nha Be (Navy Base) 119,725 121,925 6,000 247,650
Nui Ba Den, Firebase Carolin 50,020 66,500 2,100 118,620
Phouc Vinh 484,383 146,576 12,810 643,769
Phu Chong 39,848 62,230 12,055 114,130
Phu Loi 79,000 83,430 0 162,430
Qua Viet 50,610 5,600 3,500 59,710
Quan Loi 44,190 34,300 0 78,490
Saigon

No Data      

Song Be 1,900 9,220 0 11,120
Tan Son Nhut 6,320 0 1,595 7,915
Tay Ninh 720 3,225 600 4,545
Trang Bang 32,365 39,560 6,000 77,925
Vo Dat, Firebase Nancy 14,180 29,100 0 43,280
Vung Tau 7,350 0 0 7,350
Xuan Loc 23,865 58,750 660 83,275
4,086,229

IV Corps - 669,534

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Location Orange White Blue Total Gallons
Ben Luc 45,900 14,838 0 60,738
Ben Tre 24,800 24,750 0 49,550
Can Tho 15,160 13,915 11,685 40,760
Cao Lanh 1,875 2,935 830 5,640
Dong Tam 5,870 605 165 6,640
Firebase Grand Can(yon?) 0 1,540 0 1,540
Firebase Moore 9,820 0 0 9,820
Ham Long 3,275 1,620 0 4,895
Moc Hoa 12,400 6,590 0 18,990
My Tho 13,320 7,316 965 21,601
Nam Can 150,345 64,295 0 214,640
Phnom 0 184 0 184
Phu Quoc 19,000 0 0 19,000
Rach Gia 0 2,155 0 2,155
Seafloat 4,700 0 0 4,700
Soc Trang 3,410 2,391 1,280 7,081
Tan An 89,550 36,450 0 126,000
Tieu Con 8,700 0 0 8,700
Tra Vinh 9,885 8,000 0 17,885
Vinh Loi 30,010 0 0 30,010
Vinh Long 8,360 9,755 890 19,005
669,534


Note: This does NOT include US Army helicopter or ground applications, or any form of the insecticide programs by GVN, or the US military. The amount represents gallons within eight (8) kilometers of the area. Thus, each area is 9.6 miles in diameter.
Description TCDD (Dioxin) Amounts
Agent Orange 1.77 to 40 ppm
Agent Blue (Purple) 32.8 to 45 ppm
Agent Red (Pink) 65.6 ppm
Agent White (Green) 65.6 ppm
Silvex 1 to 70 ppm
2,4,5-T (Current) 0.1 ppm or less

 

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GENOCIDE

AGENT ORANGE

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Agent Orange is a defoliant, a plant killer, that was used in Vietnam for "Territory Denial". The idea was that the VC wouldn't be so hard to kill if we could see them better by killing the jungle canopy that protected them. Specifically Agent Orange was a 50:50 mixture of two Phenoxy herbicides, 2, 4-D (2, 4 dichlorophenoxy acetic acid) and 2, 4, 5-T (2, 4, 5-trichlorophenoxy acetic acid). It is ironic that the Dioxin that makes Agent Orange so deadly isn't even an intended part of the plant killer. Dioxin is a man made by-product of the manufacturing process for making Phenoxy herbicides like Agent Orange. Actually, when 2, 4, 5-T is manufactured a "synthetic contaminant" TCDD (2, 3, 7, 8-tetrachlorodibenzo-para-dioxin) is an unwanted by-product that cannot be removed.

Dioxins are also created unintentionally during the manufacture of Chlorine containing products like the Polychlorinated Byphenal (PCB) oils used for years in the utility transformers that supply power to our homes. They are created by burning chlorine containing wastes, the plastic pipe Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) for example when burned creates and releases Dioxin. Because of this widespread use dioxins are present, albeit in trace amounts, in the body fat of nearly everyone in the civilized world.

Other factors that make Dioxin poisoning hard to prove is the fact that each individual seems to have their own tolerance to it and everyone has a certain background exposure to the chemical. It may be that this background level serves to hide the seriousness of the situation by clouding the exposure levels required to make a symptom manifest itself. It may also be that Dioxins like TCDD lie dormant in body fats until triggered by some internal stress.

The unpredictable reactions of the lab animals exposed to dioxins and the actual method by which they kill is one of the mysteries that medical science is still trying to solve. One thing is certain, exposure to Dioxins multiplies the chances of cancers, immune system disorders, liver problems, and a host of other complaints. Even more tragic is the fact that exposure to Agent Orange appears to multiply the chances of birth defects in the children of those exposed. Vietnam veterans and certain peasants in South Vietnam have the highest level of exposure of anyone tested.

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), for example is four times more likely to kill the children of Veterans exposed to Agent Orange than it is children of parents who were not exposed. This makes medical sense because it has been shown in the laboratory that Dioxin has an affect on the immune system and SIDS seems to be an immune system defect. Information and cases are sparse but they are there. And they are frightening.

In one case a platoon that operated in an part of Vietnam that had been heavily sprayed has had five of it's twenty members diagnosed as suffering from dioxin poisoning. That's twenty five percent. That's 500 percent above the national average for these types of disorders. This in itself is frightening but, the researcher was only able to locate six of the twenty members of his platoon! How many of those that weren't contacted had similar symptoms? Veterans tell story after story of Veterans who suddenly age. Their hair falls out in clumps, what remains turns white. They suffer from strange nerve disorders, irritableness, weight loss, palsies and finally, mercifully, death. In every case these men were exposed to Agent Orange.

In Vietnam, when the men in the field saw the effects of this chemical on the vegetation and questioned it's affects on them they were told not to worry. They were told that the spray was not harmful to humans. Despite the weight of evidence to the contrary the military and the Chemical companies continue to insist that Agent Orange is harmless. The Veterans Administration, Chemical Companies and the Department of Defense point to a study done with the personnel of Operation Ranch Hand that showed no correlation between Agent Orange and the problems associated with it by the Veterans. The critics of this study point out that the average "Ranch Hander" returned to base each night to shower and change clothes while the ground soldier walked through contaminated dust, drank contaminated water and wore contaminated clothes for weeks and months. The federal government refuses to conduct a study of Ground combat troops as a comparison.

Only in the last few years has that opinion begun to change. One of the projects that signify this change is the "Pointman" project. Under "Pointman" New Jersey has established an Agent Orange Commission to investigate the effects of exposure to Agent Orange. They examined people who served with the Second Battalion/ 8th Cav, 1st Cav Division, Companies A, B, C and D between January and December 1969. The report of their findings has not yet been published.

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  • Dioxin comes in 75 flavors, each with its own chemical structure and a unique toxicity
  • Several large groups of related compounds, including the 209 PCBs and the 135 dibenzofurans, have similar effects.
  • These chemicals can have effects at levels as low as parts per trillion, forcing the use of delicate, expensive, and error-prone measurement technology.
  • The exposure to dioxin depended on the number of times a place was defoliated, the person's dietary and other habits, and the rates of movement and decay of the toxins in the ecosystem and body.
  • Cancer is just one of many possible health effects: other problems blamed on dioxin -- with varying degrees of proof -- include immune disorders, lowered sperm counts, diabetes, malformations and other reproductive and developmental effects, and endocrine disruption.
  • The damage may not stop with the first generation: researchers have documented reproductive damage, including cancer, spina bifida and immune problems, in offspring of people exposed to dioxin.

JOHN A.  HAMMACK CHAIRMAN & CEO 

CANCER AND AGENT ORANGE 
Here are several medical conditions which have been determined to be related to Agent Orange exposure.  Congress has declared that any service member who served in Vietnam during the war-time era (Feb 28, 1961, through May 7, 1975) was exposed to Agent Orange.  It was further ruled that such exposure may have caused several types of cancer.  Therefore, diagnosis of any of these conditions will be considered "service connected" by the Department of Veterans Affairs.

Veterans and survivors may be entitled to compensation for such diseases as lung cancer, multiple myeloma, Hodgkin's disease, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and, as of November, 1996, Prostate Cancer.  If a Vietnam veteran is ever diagnosed with prostate cancer, even if it is many years after service, it will be considered a service connected disability and compensation may be paid.

Compensation can range from $0 (non-disabling) to around $2000 (totally disabling).  The degree of disability is determined by such factors as urinary frequency, leakage, and impotence.  For example, daytime voiding interval of less than one hour or awakening to void five or more times per night will result in a rating of 40%.  Awakening to void twice per night is rated 10%.  Continual urine leakage or incontinence requiring the wearing of absorbent materials which must be changed more than four times per day will result in a 60% rating.  If the pad must be changed less than twice a day, the rating is 20%.  A small special monthly compensation is paid for impotence.  The symptoms must be medically documented - usually by a physical examination at a VA medical facility.

A veteran files a claim on VA form 21-526 (Claim for Compensation or Pension.)  It must be accompanied by DD Form 214 showing Vietnam service and any medical evidence establishing the diagnosis of prostate cancer.  If the veteran has already completed that form in the past, it is not necessary to do so again.  A brief letter requesting reopening the claim will suffice.  Here is a suggested format for that letter:  "This is to amend my original disability compensation claim to include Prostate Cancer as per new Agent Orange regulations.  Medical records showing the diagnosis are attached".

The claim should be submitted to the VA Regional Office serving the area where the veteran resides.  To obtain a claim form or to get the address of  the VA, call 1-800-827-1000.  Help in completing the form is available from many veterans service organizations or from the VA. Other veterans' benefits may accrue as a result of a finding of service connection.  They include insurance, medical treatment, and vocational rehabilitation. 

 Survivors of Vietnam veterans who died of prostate cancer may also be entitled to benefits from the VA.  An un-remarried surviving spouse may be entitled to a monthly payment of Dependency and Indemnity Compensation (DIC). The current rate is $861.  Dependants' Education Assistance may also be available for college attendance.  That rate for full-time attendance is $485 per month.

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Subject: Various Cancers which seem to be caused by agent orange

THIS IS A LIST OF PROPOSED RULES FOR COMPENSATION OF SOFT
TISSUE SARCOMAS AND TUMORS FOR THE VA. 

THIS LIST CONTAINS  THE TUMORS MOST REPORTED TO THE VA BY VIETNAM VETS. THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIEANCE HAS  A STUDY BEING CONDUCTED ON THIS MATTER NOW.

ADULT FIBRO SARCOMA
DERMATOFIBROSCOMA
MALIGNANT FIBROUS HISTIOCYTOMA
LIP SARCOMA
LEIOMYOSACOMA
EPITHELIOID LEIOMYOSARCOMA
MALIGNANT LEIOMYBLASTOMA
RHABDOMYOSACOMA
ECTOMESENCHYMOMA
ANGIOSARCOMA
HEMANGIOSACOMA
LYPHHANGIOS
SARCOMA
PROLIFERATING(SYSTEMIC)
ANGIOENDOTHELIOMATOSIS
MALIGNANT GLOMUS TUMOR
SYNOVIAL SARCOMA ( MALIGNANT SYNOVIOMA )
MALIGNANT SCHWANNOMA, INCLUDING
MALIGNANT
SCHWANNOMA WITH RHABDOMYOBLASTIC
DIFFERENTIATION
( MALIGNANT TRITON TUMOR )
GLANDULAR AND EPITHELIODID
MALIGNANT SCHWANNOMAS.
MALIGNANT MESENCHYMOMA
MALIGNANT GRANULAR CELL TUMOR
ALVEOLAR SOFT PART SARCOMA
CLEAR CELL SARCOMA OF TENDOMS
Diabetes Type II
APONEUROSES

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Leukemia, Agent Orange Link Found  2003 Janurary 2

 
OSTEOSARCOMA, CHONDROSARCOMA,
KAPOSI'S SARCOMA AND MESOTHELIOMA ARE SPECIFICALLY EXCLUDED FROM COMPENSATION

VA Adds To Agent Orange Disabilities List  2003

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia(CLL)

Agent Orange Lawsuit A site for veterans to learn about the Agent Orange Lawsuit. Vietnam veterans can find various information about symptoms, treatments, and legal help for the exposure to Agent Orange.

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