Page 1 Operation Ranch Hand Herbicides Southeast Asia--Amounts Used1961-1971"
Page 2 Diseases Linked To Agent Orange Exposure
Page 3 Agent Orange Korea 68-69
Page 4 Agent Orange Use Outside Of Vietnam
Page 5 The Forgotten Story of Agent Orange
Page 6 Monsanto Corporation Criminal Investigation Cover-up of Dioxin Contamination
Page 7 Leukemia, Agent Orange Link Found
Page 8 AO claim at Ft McClellan approved for Diabetes, and proliferative diabetic retinopathy
Page 9 Agent Orange, The Daughter Of A Veteran
Page 10 The Herbicidal Warfare Program In Vietnam, 1961 - 1971
Page 11 Agent Orange Videos
Page 12 Chemical Warfare Photos
Page 13 Monsanto's Agent Orange
Page 14 Veterans exposed To Chemicals (Bases & Posts Contaminated)
Former Marine Danny Gene Jordan remembers sitting on Hill 549 near Khe Sanh in the spring of 1968, waiting for night and cooking his C-rations. Jordan had been in country just a few weeks and was still learning his way around, so he wasn't sure why the five C-123s approaching his unit would be flying so low and in formation.
"They're defoliating," one of his buddies told him. Then came the mist, like clouds floating out of the back of the C-123s, soaking the men, their clothes and their food. For the next two weeks, the men of Jordan's unit suffered nausea and diarrhea. Jordan returned from Vietnam with an unusual amount of dioxin in his system. More than 15 years later, he still had 50 parts per trillion, considered abnormally high. He also had two sons born with deformed arms and hands.
There are three companies that produced Agent Orange (main ingredient is Trioodobenzoic acid). They are Dow Chemicals, Monsanto and Diamond Shamrock. The earliest form of Triiodobenzoic acid, was studied by Arthur Galston, but for use as a plant growth hormone.
Dioxin is a compound found in certain
herbicides, including agent Orange, used in
Vietnam. The law presumes that all military
personnel who served in Vietnam and later
Vietnam veterans who believe they have
health problems that may be related to their
Vietnam service or exposure to herbicides
while serving in Vietnam should contact the
This map is a representation of
herbicide spray missions in Vietnam. The
dark areas represent concentrated spraying
areas. This map only represents fixed-wing
aircraft spraying, and does not include
helicopter spraying of perimeters, or other
During the Viet Nam war, over 72 million liters of herbicide was applied over southern Viet Nam to deprive northern Vietnamese forces of protective forest cover and food. Agent Orange accounted for approximately 60% of all herbicide used during the conflict. Dioxin (specifically 2,3,7,8 Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin) was a contaminant in the Agent Orange mixture.
I Corps - 2,355,322
II Corps - 1,054,406
III Corps - 4,086,229
IV Corps - 669,534
Note: This does NOT include US Army helicopter or ground applications, or any form of the insecticide programs by GVN, or the US military. The amount represents gallons within eight (8) kilometers of the area. Thus, each area is 9.6 miles in diameter.
Agent Orange is a defoliant, a plant killer, that was used in Vietnam for "Territory Denial". The idea was that the VC wouldn't be so hard to kill if we could see them better by killing the jungle canopy that protected them. Specifically Agent Orange was a 50:50 mixture of two Phenoxy herbicides, 2, 4-D (2, 4 dichlorophenoxy acetic acid) and 2, 4, 5-T (2, 4, 5-trichlorophenoxy acetic acid). It is ironic that the Dioxin that makes Agent Orange so deadly isn't even an intended part of the plant killer. Dioxin is a man made by-product of the manufacturing process for making Phenoxy herbicides like Agent Orange. Actually, when 2, 4, 5-T is manufactured a "synthetic contaminant" TCDD (2, 3, 7, 8-tetrachlorodibenzo-para-dioxin) is an unwanted by-product that cannot be removed.
Dioxins are also created unintentionally during the manufacture of Chlorine containing products like the Polychlorinated Byphenal (PCB) oils used for years in the utility transformers that supply power to our homes. They are created by burning chlorine containing wastes, the plastic pipe Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) for example when burned creates and releases Dioxin. Because of this widespread use dioxins are present, albeit in trace amounts, in the body fat of nearly everyone in the civilized world.
Other factors that make Dioxin poisoning hard to prove is the fact that each individual seems to have their own tolerance to it and everyone has a certain background exposure to the chemical. It may be that this background level serves to hide the seriousness of the situation by clouding the exposure levels required to make a symptom manifest itself. It may also be that Dioxins like TCDD lie dormant in body fats until triggered by some internal stress.
The unpredictable reactions of the lab animals exposed to dioxins and the actual method by which they kill is one of the mysteries that medical science is still trying to solve. One thing is certain, exposure to Dioxins multiplies the chances of cancers, immune system disorders, liver problems, and a host of other complaints. Even more tragic is the fact that exposure to Agent Orange appears to multiply the chances of birth defects in the children of those exposed. Vietnam veterans and certain peasants in South Vietnam have the highest level of exposure of anyone tested.
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), for example is four times more likely to kill the children of Veterans exposed to Agent Orange than it is children of parents who were not exposed. This makes medical sense because it has been shown in the laboratory that Dioxin has an affect on the immune system and SIDS seems to be an immune system defect. Information and cases are sparse but they are there. And they are frightening.
In one case a platoon that operated in an part of Vietnam that had been heavily sprayed has had five of it's twenty members diagnosed as suffering from dioxin poisoning. That's twenty five percent. That's 500 percent above the national average for these types of disorders. This in itself is frightening but, the researcher was only able to locate six of the twenty members of his platoon! How many of those that weren't contacted had similar symptoms? Veterans tell story after story of Veterans who suddenly age. Their hair falls out in clumps, what remains turns white. They suffer from strange nerve disorders, irritableness, weight loss, palsies and finally, mercifully, death. In every case these men were exposed to Agent Orange.
In Vietnam, when the men in the field saw the effects of this chemical on the vegetation and questioned it's affects on them they were told not to worry. They were told that the spray was not harmful to humans. Despite the weight of evidence to the contrary the military and the Chemical companies continue to insist that Agent Orange is harmless. The Veterans Administration, Chemical Companies and the Department of Defense point to a study done with the personnel of Operation Ranch Hand that showed no correlation between Agent Orange and the problems associated with it by the Veterans. The critics of this study point out that the average "Ranch Hander" returned to base each night to shower and change clothes while the ground soldier walked through contaminated dust, drank contaminated water and wore contaminated clothes for weeks and months. The federal government refuses to conduct a study of Ground combat troops as a comparison.
Only in the last few years has that opinion begun to change. One of the projects that signify this change is the "Pointman" project. Under "Pointman" New Jersey has established an Agent Orange Commission to investigate the effects of exposure to Agent Orange. They examined people who served with the Second Battalion/ 8th Cav, 1st Cav Division, Companies A, B, C and D between January and December 1969. The report of their findings has not yet been published.
JOHN A. HAMMACK CHAIRMAN & CEO
CANCER AND AGENT ORANGE
Veterans and survivors may be entitled to compensation for such diseases as lung cancer, multiple myeloma, Hodgkin's disease, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and, as of November, 1996, Prostate Cancer. If a Vietnam veteran is ever diagnosed with prostate cancer, even if it is many years after service, it will be considered a service connected disability and compensation may be paid.
Compensation can range from $0 (non-disabling) to around $2000 (totally disabling). The degree of disability is determined by such factors as urinary frequency, leakage, and impotence. For example, daytime voiding interval of less than one hour or awakening to void five or more times per night will result in a rating of 40%. Awakening to void twice per night is rated 10%. Continual urine leakage or incontinence requiring the wearing of absorbent materials which must be changed more than four times per day will result in a 60% rating. If the pad must be changed less than twice a day, the rating is 20%. A small special monthly compensation is paid for impotence. The symptoms must be medically documented - usually by a physical examination at a VA medical facility.
A veteran files a claim on VA form 21-526 (Claim for Compensation or Pension.) It must be accompanied by DD Form 214 showing Vietnam service and any medical evidence establishing the diagnosis of prostate cancer. If the veteran has already completed that form in the past, it is not necessary to do so again. A brief letter requesting reopening the claim will suffice. Here is a suggested format for that letter: "This is to amend my original disability compensation claim to include Prostate Cancer as per new Agent Orange regulations. Medical records showing the diagnosis are attached".
The claim should be submitted to the VA Regional Office serving the area where the veteran resides. To obtain a claim form or to get the address of the VA, call 1-800-827-1000. Help in completing the form is available from many veterans service organizations or from the VA. Other veterans' benefits may accrue as a result of a finding of service connection. They include insurance, medical treatment, and vocational rehabilitation.
Survivors of Vietnam veterans who died of prostate cancer may also be entitled to benefits from the VA. An un-remarried surviving spouse may be entitled to a monthly payment of Dependency and Indemnity Compensation (DIC). The current rate is $861. Dependants' Education Assistance may also be available for college attendance. That rate for full-time attendance is $485 per month.
Subject: Various Cancers which
seem to be caused by agent orange
THIS LIST CONTAINS THE TUMORS MOST
REPORTED TO THE VA BY VIETNAM VETS. THE
NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIEANCE HAS A
STUDY BEING CONDUCTED ON THIS MATTER NOW.
VA Adds To Agent Orange Disabilities List 2003
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia(CLL)
Agent Orange Lawsuit A site for veterans to learn about the Agent Orange Lawsuit. Vietnam veterans can find various information about symptoms, treatments, and legal help for the exposure to Agent Orange.Next Page 2
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