Army National Guard  Patches History

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Information extracted from the book "US ARMY PATCHES" 
by Barry Jason Stein


Prior to 30 December 1983, the units described below were designated Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment Army National Guard.  Since 30 December 1983, these units have been re-designated Headquarters, State Area Command, Army National Guard.  Under the National Defense Act of 1916, the United States Army was organized into three components; the regular army, the reserves, and the national guard.

Alabama patch

Worn from:  17 June 1948 - Current.

The cotton slip with full bursting boll and twisted wreath of cotton, white and crimson red, is the military crest of the state of Alabama.   The cotton boll symbolizes the original basis of the state's wealth and its settlement and development during the greater portion of its history.  The twisted wreath of white and red symbolizes the fact that the original settlement was of English origin.

Alaska patch

Worn from:  27 April 1954 - Current.

The stars of the most conspicuous constellation in the northern sky.  Ursa Major (the Big Dipper) symbolize the allocation of the unit to the state of Alaska.

Arizona patch

Worn from:  29 February 1956 - 5 August 1988.

The insignia, in the shape of the state, is a pictorial design representative of the state of Arizona.

Arkansas patch

Worn from:  13 June 1952 - Current.

The diamond shape signifies Arkansas's distinction of being the only state in which diamonds are mined.  Twenty-five stars identify the state as the twenty-fifth to join the union.  The razorback hog, in center, refers to the University of Arkansas.

California patch

Worn from:  5 June 1952 - Current.

The grizzly bear, representing strength, is taken from the flag of the state of California, which was designed by an unknown person between 1875 and 1899 and chosen as the emblem of the republic in 1846.  The color red represents courage.  The golden rays symbolize California's nickname.  "The Golden State," in reference to the discovery of gold in 11848.

Colorado patch

Worn from:  16 November 1955 - Current.

The design is adapted from the Colorado state flag.  The "C" stands for Colorado, which is Spanish for "colored red."  The golden ball is said to represent the state's gold production.

Connecticut patch

Worn from:  30 November 1949 - Current.

The grapevine appears as the device of Connecticut as early as 1759.  The shield portion of the arms of Connecticut, approved by the State General Assembly in 1897, contains three grape vines, supported and bearing fruit in natural colors.  The original population within the State was of English origin, and the twists of the wreath are accordingly white and red.

Delaware patch

Worn from:  12 February 1948 - Current.

The blue griffin's head "erased" was the device of Lord De la Warre for whom Delaware River, Delaware Bay, the colony of Delaware, and the state of Delaware were named.  The black, silver-edged bar (collar) with three silver discs are from the coat of arms of William Penn, to whom the colony of Delawre was granted in 1682 and which was under the jurisdiction of the colony of Pennsylvania until 1701 when Penn agreed to a separate Delaware assembly.  The griffin's head, in being torn off from the rest of the body, may, in this instance, be taken as an indication of that event.  The wreath in the red and white colors of England refers to the English colonization of Delaware.

District of Columbia patch
District of Columbia

Worn from:  17 June 1948 - Current.

The dome of the United States Capitol typifies the District of Columbia.  The rising sun is adapted from the District of Columbia seal and signifies the ascendancy of the national Capitol and the country it represents.  Since the District of Columbia lies within the territory of the original thirteen English colonies, the twists of the wreath are accordingly in white and red.

Florida patch

Worn from:  17 June 1948 - Current.

The design of the insignia reflects the early history of Florida.  The white trace outline is that of "Castillo de San Marcos, " a masonry fort (begun in 1672) built by the Spanish to protect Saint Augustine.  Founded in 1565, Saint Augustine was the first permanent European settlement in the continental United States.

Georgia patch

Worn from:  8 May 1970 - Current.

The red boar's head with green oak branch and acorn was suggested by the crest of the coat of arms of Sir James Oglethorpe, the founder of the colony.  The boar is symbolic of courage and ferocitu in attack; it is also a symbol of hospitality.  The white and red color of the wreath refer to the English origin of the first settlement in the colony.