Regimental Combat Teams Patches History

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Information extracted from the book
by Barry Jason Stein

Used by permission

Increasingly during World War II, infantry regiments employed the regimental combat team (RCT) concept.  A regimental combat team might be a group of combat units; for example, it might include an artillery battalion, an engineer company, a medical company, and a signal detachment, all supporting the infantry regiment employed to accomplish a given mission.  The sub-legions of the postcolonial period (1792 - 96) commanded by the Revolutionary War hero Anthony Wayne were the predecessors of the regimental combat team.  Regimental combat teams, formed after World War II and during the Korean War to perform limited tactical objectives, were composed of an infantry regiment, a field artillery battalion, and an engineer company.  The colors are blue and white for infantry, red for artillery, and red and white for engineers

103rd RCT patch
103rd RCT

Worn from:  30 June 1954 - 1 March 1959.

The evergreen tree (mast pine) symbolizes the unit's home station in Maine, The Pine Tree State.

107th RCT patch
107th RCT

Worn from:  20 October 1947 - 16 July 1953.

The colors, and the roman numeral seven formed by the lightning bolt, suggest the unit's affiliation with the Seventh New York Regiment.

111th RCT patch
111th RCT

Worn from:  29 December 1956 - 8 August 1960.

The profile of Benjamin Franklin signifies the long heritage of elements in the team, which traces its history to the Associates, a group founded by Benjamin Franklin in 1747 to protect the city of Philadelphia from attack.

150th RCT patch
150th RCT


Worn from:  9 April 1953 - 1 August 1955.

The blue field represents the infantry regiment of the team.  The outer red circle symbolizes the attached artillery and engineer units.  The black diamond refers to the coal mines of the state of West Virginia and to the unofficial designation of the combat team:  The Black Diamond.


157th RCT patch
157th RCT

Worn from:  8 March 1954 - 1 August 1955.

The three white points refer to the elements composing the organization:  the 157th Infantry, the 168th Field Artillery, and the 192nd Engineers.  Joined together, they indicate strength and unity of purpose.  The three points also symbolize the mountains of Colorado, the home state of the unit.  The color red alludes to Colorado sunrises that stain the snowcapped peaks crimson.  The design, placed on a shield, indicates readiness in both peace and war.

158th RCT patch
158th RCT

Worn from:  18 February 1946 - 23 August 1963.

During World War II, the 158th regimental combat team was stationed in the Panama Canal Zone and was known as the Bushmasters.  An exceedingly poisonous snake, the bushmaster is found in the jungles of Panama as well as other parts of Central America.

163rd RCT patch
163rd RCT

Worn from:  3 February 1953 - 1 March 1953.

The colors represent the components which make up the team:  the 163rd Infantry Regiment, the 443rd Field Artillery Battalion, and the 210th Engineer Combat Company.  The buffalo skull refers to the state of Montana, which was the natural habitat of the buffalo and the hunting ground for many tribes of Native Americans.

166th RCT patch
166th RCT

Worn from:  30 August 1954 - 5 August 1960.

The three blades refer to the arms of infantry, artillery, and engineers.  Joined on one hilt, these blades represent the cooperation, coordination, and combat functions of the units.  The flames allude to the unit's destructive power.

176th RCT patch
176th RCT

Worn from:  9 September 1952 - 1 June 1959.

The design of the insignia, two crossed bayonets above a white flaming torch, is symbolic of the regimental slogan, "Liberty or Death."

178th RCT patch
178th RCT


Worn from:  1 February 1952 - 8 August 1960.

The halberd, an ancient weapon of foot troops, represents the team's fighting ability.

182nd RCT patch
182nd RCT

Worn from:  15 March 1954 - 3 November 1956.

The powder horn recalls an early colonial tradition commonly associated with Massachusetts troops.  The design of the patch in the shape of a document suggests the Mayflower Compact and alludes to the early settlers of Massachusetts.  The Massachusetts National Guard traces its roots back to 1636 and is the oldest National Guard unit in the United States Army.  The old powder horn depicted here recalls that historical footnote to the unit's history.